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Hamadan Province

Hamadan Province

The situation of Hamedan in terms of climatic and natural status which has made it suitable for agricultural and pastoralism has long been caused the region to be the place of establishment and development of ancient civilizations. The existence of a considerable number of prehistoric hills in different parts of the province is the proof of this claim. The results of the studies and excavations of the Nahavand Gian Tappeh show that the people living in the province six thousand years ago enjoyed a relatively advanced culture and civilization. The oldest Ashurian inscriptions called Hamedan as Ocasia, which means the city of Cassian, which shows that the province's central civilization dates back to the third millennium BC. Archaeological excavations in the Godin and Cegavi mountains near Kangavar, as well as Nooshijan in Malayer, have revealed parts of the culture and the life of the Medes people at this time. These include the first examples of scripts, early forms of coins and the earliest examples of Iranian religious culture and architecture. According to the Greek historian, Herodotus, the Medes in the late eighth century BC, led by a person called Diako, achieved a political and military structure and established the first powerful government on Iran's plateau. Diako chose the city of Hamedan as the capital and by his order the huge fortresses consisted of the seven fences, each decorated in a special color, were built. The two central fences were covered with silver and golden Tablets, and Palaces and treasuries set up in central fence, and people had built their homes around these seven fences. Most of the scholars in archeology believe that Hegmataneh hill in Hamedan remains of the same fortifications. The city of Hamedan enjoyed great blessings during the 150 years of Medes rule, and after the overthrow of that government, though it lost its centrality, it was regarded as one of the three Achaemenid capital. The presence of Ganjnameh inscriptions, the remains of stone pillars, Achaemenid palaces, golden and silver cups and tablets of that time, obtained in Hamedan, indicate the importance of the city and the region during the period. In 330 BC, the city of Hamedan was destroyed by Alexander of Macedon, but because of its strategic position, it became his military headquarter. Late in the Seleucid period, the city of Hamedan was the place of numerous encounters with Parthians until finally, in 155 BC, Mehrdad Ashkani seized the city. From Ashkani and Seleucid period, Stone Lion status and the remains of a cemetery in the city of Hamedan, and few remnants of the temple of Laodisse in the city of Nahavand are remained. In a Pahlavi-language book called Cities, written at the time of Ghobad (500 AD), the establishment of Hamedan was attributed to Yazd Gerd I, indicating that there were significant developmental measures at that time in the city.
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